Absolute and Relative Asset Valuation

There are two basic methods of valuing equity stock: absolute evaluation and relative evaluation, these methods have its own advantages and disadvantages. Analysts and investors should make wise decisions on the techniques for the asset valuation.

Investment Required Rate of Return

Investment required rate of return is the minimum rate of return that investor accept from an investment to compensate investor for deferring consumption. There are three components for the investment required rate of return: the time value of money during the period of investment, the expected rate of inflation during the period, and the risk involved.

Cash Distribution in Financial Management

A company can change its value of operations only if it changes the cost of capital or investors’ perceptions regarding expected free cash flow. This is true for all corporate decisions, including the distribution policy. How to allocate the  earnings between cash dividends and investments is an important decision for the financial managers.

Corporate Governance in Financial management

When valuing a business, in addition to assess the competitiveness of the business products and services, market shares and industry development, it is important to evaluate the management team as a whole as their interests may not always align with the stakeholders. Corporate governance has important impact on the future development of business and the value of the company.

Consumer Price Index

Consumer price index is the the key measures of gauging the price level. The most commonly used measure of the level of prices is the consumer price index (CPI). CFI has fundamental impact on the decisions made by policymakers and government.

Business Value and Financial Management

The stock of a wonderful firm with superior management and strong performance measured by sales and earnings growth can be priced so high that the intrinsic value of the stock is below its current market price and should not be acquired. In contrast, the stock of a company with less success based on its sales and earnings growth may have a stock market price that is below its intrinsic value.

What is GDP?

The gross domestic product (GDP) is the total market value of final goods and services produced domestically during a specific period, usually 1 year. Final goods are those purchased for final use rather than for resale or further processing. In contrast, intermediate goods are those purchased for resale or for use in producing another good or service.

Approaches of Mesurng GDP

There are two types of approaches of measuring GDP, the expenditure approach and the resources approach.Expenditure Approach: GDP is calculated by summing the expenditures on all final goods and services produced.

Real and Noninal GDP

An economic variable may have both real and nominal values. The nominal value is expressed at current prices and The real value is the value that has been adjusted for the impact of inflation.

Contribution and Limiation of GDP

Real GDP is a pretty accurate measure of the output rate in the economy and how that output rate is changing. However, GDP is not a measure of economic welfare.